This category is available to anyone over the age of 15 and entitles you to drive motor and electric 2 or 3 wheeled bikes with engine sizes up to 50 cubic centimetres, as well as 4 wheeled light vehicles (aka. microcars) weighing no more than 350kg. Electric and engine powered vehicles alike cannot supersede a power output of 4kw.
Obtaining this licence requires you to pass a medical, multiple-choice theory and practical driving tests. Usually, the highest level of insurance available for this particular kind of vehicle is third party (civil liability) , both due to the fact that these scooters and small engine motorbikes are driven by younger individuals, and that these vehicles are often deemed as high risk when considering higher levels of cover due to how often these vehicles are stolen.
Holding this licence entitles you to drive motorbikes and 3/ 4 wheeled vehicles with a maximum engine size of 125 cubic centimetres with a maximum power output of 11KW. It’s important to note that, additional to the power conditions, the vehicle weight to power ratio cannot be higher than 0.1 KW/KG.
In order to obtain this licence, you must be at least 16 years of age and pass a medical, theory, closed circuit, speed, and balance driving test as well as an open road practical test combined. If you hold a B category (car) driving licence for three years or more, you are automatically entitled to drive A1 category vehicles in Spain without the need for additional examinations.
Regarding insurance for A1 class vehicles, usually the highest cover usually available is third-party, fire & theft. Fully comprehensive is not usually available in this category, again due to the age at which these vehicles can be driven.
The A2 driving licence category permits you to drive more powerful motorbikes compared to the previously mentioned. The maximum power for vehicles in this category is 35KW, with the ratio being a maximum of 0.2 KW/KG. This increase in ratio allows for potentially higher-powered vehicles to be driven, providing that they are restricted.
The testing requirements for this particular driving licence similar to the aforementioned A1 category, include a medical aptitude test as well as the circuit and open-road practical driving test. When it comes to the theory tests, there are two kinds that need to be passed, these being a general theory test as well as a specific theory test. If, however you hold a B class driving licence, you can ‘validate’ your theory test, essentially skipping the first test, leaving you with only the specific theory test to pass, aside from the practical tests.
When it comes to insurance cover for motorbikes that fall into the A2 category, we see the first category where higher levels of cover are available. In most cases, you can take cover as high as fully comprehensive, without excess. This is mainly due to the fact that drivers of these vehicles are over 18 in any case and in most instances have some driving experience under their belt already.
- A Category (> 20 years + A2)
Here we finally arrive at the full motorbike licence, where there are no limitations to engine size or power output, including AM and A1 class vehicles as well as three-wheeler bikes with a power output above 15KW (so long as you are over 21). Setting the trikes aside, you need to be 20 years of at least to obtain this licence with a few other caveats.
In order to test for the A category, you must already have the previously discussed A2 category with 2 years of driving experience holding it. If you do not have this category, you will need to first go through that testing process. The testing is similar as the previous categories with the main difference being that the testing consists of a 9-hour theory/ practical combination including some advanced driving aspects such as emergency stops. Naturally, this gives us an idea as to why drivers testing for this category need to have previous driving experience.
All levels of insurance are available for vehicles in this higher category, up to and including fully comprehen- sive, naturally including fire and theft. Bearing in mind that the option for excess exists, in order to help reduce the annual premium that comes with it.